Theory of Web Specializations
The article is based on the personal observations of the author. Therefore, no one takes away from the reader the right to consider it subjective.
Essence of the theory
(lines show the time intervals, circles and numbers in them are understood as a profession and amount of knowledge, respectively)
What’s happening? The process of separation of professions. The specialist knows more and more about less and less. Every year, the network places higher demands on the quality of knowledge of Internet workers. Scientific and technical progress, social changes, economic processes run so fast that a person is not always able to give a precise definition of what he does on the Internet and what his profession is called.
Every two or three years, qualitative changes occur on the Internet. They are associated with the emergence of new technologies, the birth of new concepts, ideas and knowledge. The network is beginning to need modern frames.
The emergence of new specializations – this is useful for society, because it is – a cure for amateurs. Finally, the time came when the masters of all trades fell in price. If 4 years ago a website of three pages could not afford to be done by a single worker, today, for the sake of such pleasure, you have to click on a group of specialists: designers, technologists, illustrators, coders, editors, animators, layout designers and others. Knowledge of each such specialist is reduced to the level of “zero-edinichka.” The illustrator either knows how to display a figure, or – no, a flash technologist either owns the technology, or – no. Even the smallest possibility for the existence of the third option is not.
In general, the birth of a new profession is the easiest and most natural process in the world. First, an object appears that can be controlled, and then, as usual, there are people (or they themselves find them) who want and know how to manage them. For example, first, humanity learned how to make payments via the Internet, then it began to grow e-commerce. Probably, it is impossible to unequivocally answer the question of who appeared earlier – a shoemaker or boots (the author cannot stand philosophy, therefore he was hampered by the further development of thought).
The appetite of hungry critics can be satisfied with a clear example. Let’s look from the inside at the evolution through which a particular specialty has passed. 1995 is the year when the number of sites on the Russian Internet can be equalized to the number of ski resorts in South Africa. At that time it was possible to talk about the existence of one main Internet specialty – the “webmaster”.
(a fragment of a screenshot of the Yandex main page dated November 18, 1999)
The underlined address is one of the few (perhaps the only) that in 1999 it was possible to “contact Yandex”. Visitor of today’s sites such address (especially if he is the only one to communicate with the organization) can be stumped or even scared. What is it? At this address, we are ready to review my resume, add a link to the catalog or explain why the citation index of my site is minus five? Unclear. For 6 years, the situation has changed. Now, if you, for example, want to purchase a product in Yandex.Market, but for some unknown reason you cannot do it – immediately complain to the support service; If you want to get a job – write to the administration; wish to write about Yandex – contact the press service; want to become an advertising partner of Yandex – respond to the advertising department. It is important to understand that these are not only departments with interesting names and tasks, but that there are dozens of people and professions that are behind each such department – advertising and accountants, designers and technologists, managers and lawyers.
Here, for example, an incomplete list of professions that Yandex needs today
Quality and Automation Specialist
Perl and shell scripts programmer
Developer specialized searches
C ++ communication service developer
Java developer of communication services
Java planning system developer
Developer for the implementation of large distributed systems
C ++ Yandex.Market developer
Practically none of the names of the professions listed in the list was familiar to people 10 years ago. Previously, for all these areas (or more correctly, then still – the concept) that make up the activities of today’s specialists, the “webmaster” answered. What kind of outstanding personality is this?